Responsabilit socitale et dveloppement durable

English (United Kingdom)

Veille permanente, diffusion continue

Vigie-PME s’intéresse à la recherche sur la durabilité et la responsabilité sociétale des entreprises dans les contextes de l’entrepreneuriat et des PME. Son système de veille repère, en continu, la production scientifique sur ces thèmes dans les revues spécialisées.

 

les articles repérés

Les titres et les résumés des textes pertinents sont accessibles à tous sur le Fil de veille. Faites-en vous même la veille sur Twitter @vigiepme (#ddpme).

articles...

les revues veillées

Plus de 100 revues scientifiques de qualité se retrouvent sous le faisceau de notre système de veille. Voyez la liste.

revues...

les mots-clés

La publication scientifique est observée en continu à l’aide de mots-clés définis par des professeurs spécialistes des domaines observés. Quels sont ces mots ?

mots-clés...

Fil de veille

Effectiveness of low-carbon development strategies: Evaluation of policy scenarios for the urban transport sector in a Brazilian megacity

  • PDF
Publication date: January 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 114

Author(s): Esther Menezes, Alexandre Gori Maia, Cristiane Silva de Carvalho

This paper evaluates low-carbon urban development strategies for the transport sector in São Paulo, one of the largest cities in the world. For each mobility policy selected, we build scenarios to evaluate the potential of mitigating GHG emissions, shedding light on institutional aspects, benefits and risks of implementing each measure. Selected policies analyzed in this paper focus on: (i) reduction of frequency and distance of motorized trips; (ii) improvement of public transport; and (ii) technological issues, from improvement of fuel efficiency of all transport modes to replacement of fossil fuels by biofuels. Results show that the measures that present the highest potential to reduce GHG emissions are those that promote the use of biofuels, particularly ethanol, followed by those that favor the use of public transport. Moreover, simulations of integrated policies evidence that their effectiveness depends upon the adoption of coordinated policies at Federal, State and Local levels. Lastly, we highlight the complementary nature of the proposed policies and the contribution of scenario building to the debate on the strategic planning of integrated urban public policies to promote sustainable development in São Paulo City.






Read Full Article

Exposing the attractors of evolving complex adaptive systems by utilising futures images: Milestones of the food sustainability journey

  • PDF
Publication date: January 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 114

Author(s): Tuomas Kuhmonen

This study aims at exposing the potential of futures images in anticipating and informing transitions of complex adaptive systems toward sustainability. Our case concerns the food system. The inherent properties of complex adaptive systems make the exact trajectories of these systems unforeseeable. However, since the systems unfold into a common direction, we can say something about the qualities of the milestones toward which these systems navigate. Attractors configure the evolution of complex adaptive systems. Since attractors are the most stable and robust elements in these systems, they are more feasible targets for foresight than the several variants that they configure and effectuate. We have depicted attractors of sustainable local food systems by futures images: through working with an appropriate level of abstraction, by leaning on a multi-perspective approach and by breaking the linear relationship between the present and the future. In this context they were sustainability-oriented trading and delivery systems, food cultures, product development projects, food brands and transparent food systems. We also located hot spots of structural change and agency within the food system. These insights may inform transition management efforts, but they must be updated frequently, since sustainable development is a journey.






Read Full Article

Integrated crisis-energy policy: Macro-evolutionary modelling of technology, finance and energy interactions

  • PDF
Publication date: January 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 114

Author(s): Karolina Safarzyńska, Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh

Addressing four persistent problems, namely human-induced environmental change, financial instability, inequality and unemployment has now become an urgent necessity. To better grasp complex interactions between technological, financial and energy systems, we propose a formal behavioral-evolutionary macroeconomic model. It describes the coevolution of four populations, namely of heterogeneous consumers, producers, power plants and banks, interacting through interconnected networks. We examine how decisions by all these economic agents affect financial stability, the direction of technological change and energy use. The approach generates non-trivial, even surprising insights, such as that brand loyalty, captured by a network externality on the demand side, can increase the likelihood of bankruptcies of banks. Cascades of such bankruptcies are found to be more likely under greater income inequalities and higher electricity prices. We employ the model to assess macroeconomic impacts of sustainability policies along three dimensions: environmental effectiveness, financial stability and socio-economic consequences.






Read Full Article

Sustainability-driven innovation at the bottom: Insights from grassroots ecopreneurs

  • PDF
Publication date: January 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 114

Author(s): Soumodip Sarkar, Mario Pansera

This research focuses on a little studied area within the future of global sustainability, that of grassroots ecopreneurs. While living and working in resource-constrained environments these entrepreneurs strive to create economic value by combining social and environmental goals. Relying on inductive methodology based on eight cases, the paper analyses how innovations are being crafted with little or no resources, yet provoking a great impact in their local communities and beyond. We find the grassroots ecopreneurs pursuing a triple bottom line approach, from the harmonic combination of economic, social and environmental goals that have the potential to shape the future of sustainability on global basis.






Read Full Article

les collaborateurs

les partenaires financiers

Vous êtes ici Fil de veille