Responsabilit socitale et dveloppement durable

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Articles scientifiques

Multinational firms and the extractive sectors in the 21st century: Can they drive development?

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Publication date: Available online 28 September 2017
Source:Journal of World Business

Author(s): Rajneesh Narula

Historically, extractive sector MNEs have been seen as an obstacle to sustainable development, because they operated in enclaves with limited local engagement. Import-substitution policies aimed to increase the local benefits of these resources, restricting FDI. Since liberalisation, extractive MNEs have re-engaged with developing countries through looser governance structures with greater potential for linkages. Despite the increased potential, few host countries have seen meaningful MNE-led development because of weak domestic firms and poor location advantages. New MNEs from emerging economies have also not shown a greater propensity to local linkages. Only countries that have continued to invest in location advantages have seen substantial benefits.






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Stakeholder Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation Congruence, Entrepreneurial Orientation and Environmental Performance of Chinese Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

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Stakeholder studies have discovered that strong stakeholder corporate social responsibility (CSR) orientation can motivate firms to engage better in environmental activities. However, when multiple stakeholders are involved, strong yet incongruent stakeholder pressure may not lead to improved environmental performance. The authors integrate complexity science with stakeholder management theory to address this issue. Using a sample of 149 Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises, they find that the average stakeholder's CSR orientation improves environmental strengths, but generates an inverted U-shaped relationship with environmental concerns. Further, results indicate that the congruence in stakeholders’ CSR orientation enhances this inverted U-shaped relationship, and that the moderating impact of congruence is weaker when entrepreneurial orientation is higher.

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Assessing the nexus of sustainability and information & communications technology

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Publication date: Available online 15 August 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change

Author(s): Raul Gouvea, Dimitri Kapelianis, Sul Kassicieh

The link between information and communications technology and sustainability has been discussed by many authors, yet a macro-level analysis of the link coupled with an examination of the link between new technology areas, human development and the interaction between all of these measures has not been fully explored. In this paper, we hypothesize the link between environmental sustainability, information and communication technology, and human development. We find that information and communications technology and human development have significant main and interactive effects on environmental sustainability. Our discussion section proposes further research into these areas to understand some of the micro-level interactions.






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Competing innovation systems and the need for redeployment in sustainability transitions

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Publication date: Available online 13 September 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change

Author(s): Thomas Magnusson, Christian Berggren

According to sustainability transitions theories, innovation policies should create protective spaces (‘niches’) for promising new technologies. Moreover they should support a cumulative process of market formation and growth. Based on results from comparative case studies of two competing technological innovation systems for heavy transport (biogas and electrification), this paper argues that these recommendations are contradictory when technology alternatives with different degrees of maturity compete for the same niche. Should innovation policies open up the niche for the promising but immature alternative, or should they continue to support the technology that already has attained a niche position? If this contradiction remains unsolved, there is a risk for conflicts that block the progress of both alternatives. The paper suggests that there is a need for differentiated policies to resolve the contraction. In order to facilitate further development of both systems, the paper suggests that niche nurturing for immature systems needs to be combined with redeployment into new market segments for more mature systems.






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