Responsabilit socitale et dveloppement durable

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Site de veille et de vulgarisation de la recherche sur le développement durable, l’entrepreneuriat et la PME

Projet du Laboratoire de recherche sur le développement durable en contexte de PME, affilié à l’Institut de recherche sur les PME (INRPME) de l’Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Vigie-PME repère, collecte et rend accessible à tous et en un même endroit les derniers développements scientifiques sur les sujets du développement durable et de la responsabilité sociétale associés à l’entrepreneuriat et à la gestion des petites et moyennes entreprises.

 

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Plus de 100 revues scientifiques se retrouvent sous le faisceau de notre système de veille. Les titres et les résumés des textes pertinents sont accessibles à tous, dans la langue originale de publication, sur le Fil de veille. Soyez au courant !

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Vigie-PME est aussi un centre de vulgarisation scientifique. Une équipe de professeurs, de professionnels de recherche et d’étudiants à la maîtrise en gestion (MBA) s’affaire à vulgariser les articles significatifs repérés par le Fil de veille.

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Plusieurs entreprises réalisent des actions contribuant au développement durable, mais toutes ne le font pas de la même façon. Pour aller de l’avant, découvrez le profil de votre entreprise face au développement durable avec la Boussole de la durabilité.

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Vigie-PME

Sustainability-driven innovation at the bottom: Insights from grassroots ecopreneurs

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Publication date: January 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 114

Author(s): Soumodip Sarkar, Mario Pansera

This research focuses on a little studied area within the future of global sustainability, that of grassroots ecopreneurs. While living and working in resource-constrained environments these entrepreneurs strive to create economic value by combining social and environmental goals. Relying on inductive methodology based on eight cases, the paper analyses how innovations are being crafted with little or no resources, yet provoking a great impact in their local communities and beyond. We find the grassroots ecopreneurs pursuing a triple bottom line approach, from the harmonic combination of economic, social and environmental goals that have the potential to shape the future of sustainability on global basis.






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Towards an intelligent network for matching offer and demand: From the sharing economy to the global brain

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Publication date: January 2017
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 114

Author(s): Francis Heylighen

We analyze the role of the Global Brain in the sharing economy, by synthesizing the notion of distributed intelligence with Goertzel's concept of an offer network. An offer network is an architecture for a future economic system based on the matching of offers and demands without the intermediate of money. Intelligence requires a network of condition-action rules, where conditions represent challenges that elicit action in order to solve a problem or exploit an opportunity. In society, opportunities correspond to offers of goods or services, problems to demands. Tackling challenges means finding the best sequences of condition-action rules to connect all demands to the offers that can satisfy them. This can be achieved with the help of AI algorithms working on a public database of rules, demands and offers. Such a system would provide a universal medium for voluntary collaboration and economic exchange, efficiently coordinating the activities of all people on Earth. It would replace and subsume the patchwork of commercial and community-run sharing platforms presently running on the Internet. It can in principle resolve the traditional problems of the capitalist economy: poverty, inequality, externalities, poor sustainability and resilience, booms and busts, and the neglect of non-monetizable values.






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The mediating effect of ethical codes on the link between family firms and their social performance

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Publication date: Available online 22 December 2016
Source:Long Range Planning

Author(s): Beatriz Cuadrado-Ballesteros, Lázaro Rodríguez-Ariza, Isabel-María García-Sánchez, Jennifer Martínez-Ferrero

This article brings together research on social performance, codes of ethics and family firms. Using a panel dataset composed of 547 internationally listed companies for the period 2002–2010, we test empirically whether the use of formal ethical codes could be a reason to explain the differences between social performance in family and non-family firms. We empirically show that family firms tend to present a lower social performance than non-family firms, and the use of formal ethical codes mediate such relationship.






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Environmental Management, Climate Change, CSR, and Governance in Clusters of Small Firms in Developing Countries: Toward an Integrated Analytical Framework

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One of the key debates in the literature on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in developing countries has to do with the role that local industrial districts, or so-called industrial clusters, play in the promotion of CSR in those countries. While there is now an embryonic literature on this subject, we lack systematic, integrated analytical frameworks that can improve our understanding of the role that governance of clusters play in addressing CSR concerns in SMEs in developing countries. This article develops such a conceptual framework drawing on the literatures on cluster governance, CSR, SMEs, and environmental management (EM) as they relate to the developing countries. The authors argue that environmental improvements in SME clusters can be achieved through three basic types of cluster governance: legal enforcement, supply chain pressure, and voluntary engagement in CSR. The proposed framework is an attempt to show how each type of cluster governance is likely to induce different responses in cluster-based SMEs. These responses are related to stages of CSR in which SMEs engage, the barriers to EM they face, the types of EM practices they use, the climate change strategy types they use, and the kinds of benefits that accrue to SMEs from engagement in CSR. The authors put foward a framework that can be useful for both academics and practitioners as they seek to reflect on the interconnectedness of these themes from a research, policy, and practice perspective.


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